the iodization program in germany

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Edited by Thoidyr nt Inaeronait l

26 · the iodization program. This ban was lifted in 1997 and changed to be a voluntary program of adding KI to all salt for human consumption. The program was extensively communicated to the public and negoti-ated with the food industry. The aim was to increase average iodine intake in Denmark with 50µg per day per adult person.

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Achieving USI in Ghana: challenges and lessons

6 · The salt iodization program in Ghana was much needed at the time of its inception in 1996. A survey had reported iodine defici-ency disorders (IDD) in a third of Ghana’s 110 districts. The program mandates that all salt produced, imported, distributed, and marketed in Ghana should be iodized and meet standards of quality. In addition, com-

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The Effects of Iodine Fortified Milk on the Iodine Status ...

22 · with a Successful Salt Iodization Program: A Randomized Controlled Trial Pantea Nazeri 1, ... and Germany, milk is a good vehicle for an adequate iodine intake [17–24]. Surveys on individual consumption reveal that the frequency of milk consumption is ... on the iodine status of lactating mothers and infants in an area with a successful salt ...

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(PDF) Iodine Nutrition Status in Lactating Mothers ...

Iodine Nutrition Status in Lactating Mothers Residing in Countries with Mandatory and Voluntary Iodine Fortification Programs: An Updated Systematic Review ... of universal salt iodization program ...

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Estimation of population iodine intake from iodized …

The Senegalese national decree on salt iodization states that iodization of all salt, regardless of its destination or origin, is mandatory at the level of 30–60 ppm iodine in the form of potassium iodate (KIO 3) at the production, importation, and exportation levels, and at 20–60 ppm at the retail distribution level. Therefore, the salt ...

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Salt Iodization

In 2013, Nutrition International supported the iodization of close to 250,000 metric tonnes of salt in Africa, helping to protect more than 2 million newborns from iodine deficiency. We focus our salt iodization work in Senegal, as a regional hub for West Africa, Nigeria, Ethiopia and Kenya, which is a hub for East Africa.

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Increasing the iodine concentration in the Swiss iodized ...

23 · Increasing the iodine concentration in the Swiss iodized salt program markedly improved iodine status in pregnant women and children: a y prospective national study1–3 Michael B Zimmermann, Isabelle Aeberli, Toni Torresani, and Hans Bu¨rgi

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Effect of a Mandatory Iodization Program on Thyroid …

There was a difference in effect of iodization of salt in the two regions: the largest volume reduction was seen in the area with moderate iodine deficiency, and only an insignificantly lower volume was seen among the youngest adults in the area with mild iodine deficiency, individuals who were teenagers when the iodization program was initiated.

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'World Salt Symposium ; 8 (The Hague) : 2000.05. 11'

15 · NewExperienceswiththe UseofSalt in WinterRoadMaintenance in Germany H.Hanke 771 Reenginecring winterroadmaintenance ... Highday-to-day variability ofurinaryexcretion despitealmost universal salt iodization in Switzerland II. ... SustainingSaltIodization Program in the Russian Federation G. Gerasimov,B. Apanasenko, V. Kubasov andA. Shishkina 989

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Discussion Paper on the setting of maximum and …

17 · discussion paper regarding the use of iodised salt in Germany and the European Union. Given that IDD problems persist in Europe, there is a need to harmonise the widely varying regulations on iodine within the European food and feed market, particularly to ensure

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Iodine status in pregnant women and school children …

Iodine deficiency is a public health problem in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to investigate the iodine status of pregnant women and school children of Aira district, west Ethiopia. A school-based survey of children and a clinic-based assessment that focused on pregnant women were conducted from May to June 2014.

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Universal Salt Iodization Provides Sufficient Dietary ...

The study findings stress the importance of iodine status monitoring in women of reproductive age and/or pregnant women, as inadequate iodine nutrition in these groups identifies shortfalls in an implemented salt iodization program, i.e., low salt iodine concentrations and/or poor coverage (3, 34–36). We also show that the risk of excess ...

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Thyroglobulin as a marker of iodine nutrition status in ...

Introduction. In measuring the iodine status of a population, the recommended measures are primarily urinary iodine (UI) concentration and thyroid size, either as goitre rate judged by palpation or as median thyroid volume and prevalence of thyroid enlargement measured by thyroid ultrasonography (US) .UI concentration reflects the immediate iodine status in the population reacting within days ...

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Adequacy Assessment of a Universal Salt Iodization …

28 · Adequacy Assessment of a Universal Salt Iodization Program Two Decades after Its Implementation: A National Cross-Sectional Study of Iodine Status among School-Age Children in Tunisia Radhouene Doggui 1,*, Myriam El Ati-Hellal 2, Pierre Traissac 3, Lilia Lahmar 4 and Jalila El Ati 1

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Sports periodization

3 · Periodization is the systematic planning of athletic or physical training.[1] The aim is to reach the best possible performance in the most important competition of the year.[2] It involves progressive cycling of various aspects of a training program during a specific period. Conditioning programs can use periodization to break up the training ...

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Discussion Paper on the setting of maximum and …

17 · 1 Discussion Paper on the setting of maximum and minimum amounts for vitamins and minerals in foodstuffs Arbeitskreis Jodmangel (AKJ), the German co-ordinating committee on preventing iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), welcomes the opportunity to comment on the above-mentioned

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Iodine status in the Nordic countries – past and present

8 · First, the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration introduced a voluntary program of universal salt iodization. As this turned out to be ineffective, it was replaced in 2000–2001 by a mandatory program of iodine fortification of salt and salt in bread produced in Denmark (13 µg iodine/g salt) (Table 1). Even though the iodine ...

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Desalination

1 · Desalination is a process that takes away mineral components from saline water. More generally, desalination refers to the removal of salts and minerals from a target substance,[1] as in soil desalination, which is an issue for agriculture.[2] Saltwater is desalinated to produce water suitable for human consumption or irrigation. One by ...

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Iodine-free salt create ‘national health problem’

28 · However, the researchers noted that in the absence of a universal salt iodization program, and in light of the heavy national reliance on iodine-depleted desalinated seawater as drinking and ...

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Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the ...

7 · Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease D___ 291|33 ...

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Iodine Nutrition Status in Lactating Mothers Residing in ...

implementation of universal salt iodization program was voluntary, including Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and Germany. However, in some countries with voluntary iodine fortification programs, such as the United States, Spain, and Japan, a mean or median UIC of >100lg/L has been reported.

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Breast-Milk Iodine Concentrations, Iodine Status, and ...

6 · Conclusion: Our results suggest that the salt fortification program in South Africa provides adequate iodine to lactating women and indirectly to their infants via breast milk. However, monitoring of salt iodine content of the mandatory salt iodization program in South Africa is important to avoid over-iodization of salt.

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Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition …

31 · The Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN)'s universal salt iodization (USI) program does not meet all of our criteria to be a GiveWell top charity but is a standout charity.Although we don't recommend these organizations as strongly as we do our top charities, they stand out from the vast majority of organizations we have considered.

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World Status of Monitoring of Iodine Deficiency …

22 · The initial level of iodization, 1.9–3.75 ppm iodine as potassium iodide (KI), was slowly increased to 15 ppm, and recently to 20 ppm, after careful epidemiologic and biologic monitoring. Elimination of IDD has been highly successful. The program costs …

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Estimation of population iodine intake from iodized salt ...

monitoring. The Senegalese national decree on salt iodization states that iodization of all salt, regardless of its destination or origin, is mandatory at the level of 30–60 ppm iodine in the form of potassium iodate (KIO 3) at the production, importation, and exportation levels, and at …

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Factors affecting sustainable iodine deficiency ...

Introduction. Iodine deficiency remains a serious concern around the world even after decades of tremendous efforts targeting the problem. 1 In 2008, economists participating in the Copenhagen Consensus ranked universal salt iodization (USI) as third on the list of the 10 biggest challenges in advancing global welfare. 2 The International Child Development Steering Group has identified iodine ...

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Status of Thyroid Function in Indian Adults: Two Decades ...

7 · iodization program in the region under review. High prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism was not correlated with either thyroid autoimmunity or iodine intake, as reflected in urinary iodine excretion. Introduction Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) encompass a broad spectrum including goiter, reduced cognitive function and work

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Salt Iodization | GiveWell

29 · What is the program? Salt iodization, or the fortification of salt with iodine by salt manufacturers, is a major approach in the prevention of iodine deficiency.7 Other iodized foods, iodine tablets, and iodized oils (given orally or by injection) can also be used to prevent iodine deficiency, but salt is useful because it is more likely to be widely consumed in consistent amounts throughout ...

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Edited by Thoidyr nt Inaeronait l

24 · the iodization program. This ban was lifted in 1997 and changed to be a voluntary program of adding KI to all salt for human consumption. The program was extensively communicated to the public and negoti-ated with the food industry. The aim was to increase average iodine intake in Denmark with 50µg per day per adult person.

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Programmes / actions by country | Global database …

31 · This page presents all programmes/actions by country. Click on a country name to open the list of published programmes/actions. On that list you can click on the title to open any factsheet. The CSV link at the bottom allows to export the available programmes/action data to a CSV file.

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