“The city of the Patriarch”
Hebron, Al Khalil in Arabic, is situated to the south of Bethlehem. Hebron is one of the oldest continuously inhabited towns in the world. History shows the Canaanites were living in Hebron as early as 2000 B.C.E. It is believed that Adam and Eve lived in Hebron after their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
Hebron was a commercial centre for neighbouring villages and a major transit point for trans-Arabian caravan traders in the old days, Hebron developed a wide range of specialities. Celebrated for its growth of grapes since the days of early antiquity (Numbers 13:20-24), this ranks high among agricultural activities in the area. Hebron is also known for its pottery, glassware, leatherworks, and other inventive arts. Lively, colorful, and creative are the most common words used by tourists to describe this city.
Holy to Muslims, Christians, and Jews alike as the burial place of Abraham, Al – Khalil. The Abraham Mosque, which houses the tombs of the Patriarchs, dominates the city center’s landscape. Inside the mosque, stunning stained – glass windows soften and transform sunlight falling upon the marble floors and stone–inscribed walls. The huge symmetric stones in the walls of this mosque are in the style of Herod the Great.
Hebron Market and delicacies
Hebron market (souq) is a wonderful adventure of arched roofs, alleyways, and shops, where you can buy everything from olive wood, spices, dried fruits (the raisins are particularly delicious), jewelry, and avant-garde baskets made from old rubber tires. In Hebron as well as throughout Palestine, grapes are consumed as jam, syrup (dibes ) or sweets (malban: thin layers made from concentrated grape juice decorated with small dry pine kernels called Kresh). Sweetbreads are another specialty served in many small restaurants.
A city known for its Artisan, Glass, Ceramics
To the north of town are the famous Hebron glass factories, world-renowned for producing exquisite cobalt blue glass. Visitors can watch the process of glass blowing from beginning to end and choose from a colorful selection of vases, jars, and ornaments. The technique was probably brought here in the fifteenth century by Venetian merchants who came to Palestine to buy cotton. The main glass-blowing workshops are not in the old City, but are located around the northern entrance to Hebron on the way towards Bethlehem. Here you can observe ancient techniques of glass-making and buy exquisite glassware.
Hebron is also famous for leather, skins and carpets. Tanneries of Hebron had their day of glory at the time when caravans from Egyptand the Arab Peninsula passed through, and traders would purchase goatskin bottles for transporting their water. Today, leather is used mainly to manufacture the excellent shoes made in Hebron, and for the manufacture of fine-quality sheepskins. Superb woolen carpets are made throughout the Hebron region and are on sale in Old City shops.
In step with its focus on the arts, Hebron is creating a museum for archeological and cultural artifacts in an old hammam (bathhouse).
Abraham’s Mosque – Haram Ibrahimi – Mamre – Haram Al-Ram – Oak of Abraham -Moscoby Church – The Old Town – Hebron Museum – Yatta – Samu’